Bhongir Bhongiri or Bhuvanagiri is a Mondal and largest municipality in Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh. Bhongir is located in the of (Telangana region. It is on the National Highway 202 about 48 km from the state capital, Hyderabad. The Town is located around the Bhongir Hill. The Hill has a fort built in the period of the Chalukya King Vikramaditya. The Hill is more than 500 feet (150 m) high spread about 40 acres (160,000 sq m). It has an average elevation of 430 metres (1410 ft).
Bhongir is famous for its fort, which became prominent during the rule of the Kakatiyas. The Fort was built on an isolated monolithic rock by the Western Chalukya ruler Tri-bhuvana-malla Vikramaditya VI in 1200AD and was named after him as Tribhuvanagiri. This name gradually became Bhuvanagiri and subsequently Bhongir.
Bhongir fort was built by the Chalukya ruler (Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya) in the 12th century. The fort showcases extraordinary architecture and geometric excellence. At the foot of the fortified rocks stands the town of Bhongir, it has a unique egg-shaped construction with two entry points protected by huge rocks, so the fort was considered practically impregnable by invading armies. A moat that encircles the fort, a vast underground chamber, trap doors, an armoury, stables, ponds, wells etc., make for fascinating viewing. The Bala Hisar or citadel on the top of the hill gives a bird's eye view of the neighbouring area. The fort is associated with the rule of the heroic queen Rudra Amma Devi and her grandson Pratapa Rudra. According to legend, there once was an underground corridor connecting Bhongir Fort to Golconda Fort.
There existed a mosque within the fort on the hill. Of that mosque only a few signs are remaining as was many other structures of the fort. The main door of the fort about 500 meters from the base of the fort has many stories related to it about the origin of its wood and size. However after the iron cover of the door was peeled off by the miscreants, the wooden doors were also stolen piece by piece.