Food Ingriedients Glossary

Vegetable, Cereal, Fish & Pulses names in English, Hindi, Marathi and Kannada & Malayalam

MalayalamEnglish Kannada Hindi
Aripodi Rice flour Akki Hittu Chaval ka Atta
Aval Riceflakes Avalakki Chaval ke gucche
Achar Pickle Uppinakayi Achaar
Athippazham Fig Anjura Anjeer
Aavoli Pomphret Manji Saranga
Aavanakku Castor Toppige Rendee
Amarapayar Lima beans I gidada bija Sem Phalee
Ayala Mackeral Bangde Chotee Samudree Machalee
Ayakkoora Seerfish, Kingfish Surmai Surmayi
Ayamodakam Ajwain Ajamoola Ajwain
Ayamodakam Celery Selari Ajamoda
Barley Jowar Jola Jowar
Chakkara Palmsugar Bella Taar ke Cheeni
Chama Millet Ragi Baajara
Chavvari Sago Sabbakki Saaboodaana
Chembu Colocasia Kesuvina Ele Colocasia
Chembu Arvi Kesu/Arvi Arvi
Chemmeen Prawns Sigadigalu Jheenge
Chena Yam Surangadde Rataaloo
Cherupayar Greengram Hesuru Bele
Cheruchanavithu Flaxseeds Aviselu
Cheruchanavithu Linseed Kadu Agasebija
Cholam Great Millet Gret Ragi
Cholam Maize Mekke Jola
Chukku Dry ginger Shunti, Ona Soonti
Chuvanna Parippu Masoor Dal Thugare Bele
Chuvanna Parippu Mysore Parippu
Ellu Sesameseeds Ellu
Elakka Cardomom Elakki
Grampoo Clove Lavanga
Godhambu Wheat Godhi
Ingi Ginger Sunthi
Jathi Nutmeg Jayikayi
Jathipathri Mace
Jeerakam Cumin
Karppooram Menthol
Kakka Shellfish
Kalkkandam SugarCandy
Kanava Cuttlefish
Kappa Tapioca
Kappa Cassava
Kappalandi Groundnut
Kattumaruva Oregano
Karimjeerakam Blackcumin
Karuppetti Palmsugar
Kurumulaku Blackpepper
Karuvappatta Cinnamonsticks
Karumoskaya Papaya
Kadalapparippu Bengalgram Kadale Bele
Kadukka Gallnut
Kaayam Asafoetida
Kesari Saffron
Kismis Currant
Kumkumappoo Saffron
Khuskhus Poppyseeds
Kumbalanga Ashgourd
Kumbalanga Whitegourd
Kumbalanga Winter Melon
Kaduku Mustard
Kadalamaavu Gramflour
Kadalamaavu Besan
Kaippakka Bittergourd
Kudampuli Coccum
Karivepila Curryleaves
Kopra Dried coconut
Koovakkizhangu Arrowroot
Koonthal Squid
Koonthal Calamari
Karpooram Camphor
Koon Mushroom
Kothamara Clusterbeans
Mathi Sardines
Manjal Turmeric
Malli Coriander
Mulaku Chilly
Malliyila Coriander leaves
Malliyila Cilantro
Maida Allpurposeflour
Maracheeni Tapioca
Moru Buttermilk
Mathan Pumpkin
Muthari Finger Millet
Nannaari Sarsaparilla
Neyyu Ghee
Neimeen Jewfish
Nellu Paddy
Nenthrappazham Banana
Omakkaaya Papaya
Perumjeerakam Fennelseeds
Pudina Mint
Puli Tamarind
Paavakka Bittergourd
Padvalanga Snakegourd
Pachari Raw Rice
Pachapatani Green Peas
Patanikadala Green Peas
Panjasara Sugar
Panjasara Paavu Treacle
Pananjil Fish Egg, Caviar
Parinjeen Fish Egg, Caviar
Parangi Manga Cashew fruit
Paal Milk
Paalkkatti Cheese
Paalpaada Cream
Paaprika Piriyanmulakupodi
Payar Lentil
Payar Pea
Puzhungalari Parboiled Rice
Rava Semolina
Ragi Millet
Ragi Finger Millet
Sarkkara Jaggery
Sarkkara Vellam
Sarkkara Paavu Molasses
Sajeera Caraway
Sambarparippu Redgram
Salvi tulasi Sage
Sathakuppa Dill leaves
Seema malli Parsley
Sujighothambu Crackedwheat
Surkka Vinegar
Tejapatta Bay leaves
Thavidu Bran
Thakkolam Star Anise
Thairu Curd
Thakkali Tomto
Thakkari Turnip
Then Honey
Thipalli Pepperlong
Thottathulasi Thyme
Thuvarapparippu Redgram
Thuvarapparippu Pigeonpea
Thulasi Basil
Unakkapayar Red Cow peas
Uppu Salt
Urulakkizhangu Potato
Uzhunnuparippu Black Gram Dal Kappu Grange
Uluva Fenugreek
Unakkalari Boiled Rice
Vanpayar Red Cow peas
Venna Butter
Velichenna Coconut oil Thengina Yenne
Vellarikka Cucumber Sautekayi
Vermicelli Semiya Semiya
Veluthulli Garlic Bellulli
Vendakka Ladiesfinger Bende, Bendekai

English Hindi Marathi Kannada
Artichoke Hathichouk - -
Ash Gourd Petha Kohala Budkumbalkai/ Boodhagumbala Kaayi
Beetroot Chaquander Beet Beetroot
Bell Pepper (Capsicum) Bari Mirch, Simla Mirch Dabu mirchi, Dhobli Mirchi Donnmenasinakaayi
Bitter Gourd Karela Karli Haagalakaayi
Bottle Gourd Lauki - Kaddu - Doodhi Doodhi Sorekai
Brinjal (Eggplant) Baingan Vangi Badanekaayi
Broad Beans - Fava Beans - Field Bean Papdi - Val - Bakla Papdi - Val Avarekai
Cabbage Bandh Gobi, Pattagobi Kobi Ele Kosu
Carrot Gajar Gajar Carrot
Cauliflower Phool Gobi Phulavar Hoo Kosu
Chayote Squash - - Seemebadane Kaayi
Cluster Beans Gowaar Phali Gavar Gorikaayi
Colacassia (Leaves, Roots) Arbi - Arvi Alu Kesu/Arvi
Cucumber Kheera - Kakdi Kaakdi Souvatekaayi
Double Beans Boda Double bee Chapparadavrekai
Drumstick Shingh phali / Sahjan Ki Phali Shevagyachi Shenga Nuggekaayi
Field Beans Val Val Avrekai
Gherkins Tendli Tondali Thondekaayi
Green Beans/ French Beans Fansi Beans French Beans/ Farasbee/ Shravan Ghevada Huralikaayi
Green Onions sprout Hara Pyaz Kandapaat Irulli Kaavu
Green Peas Matar Matar Hasi Batani
Ivy Gourd - Tindora Kunduri, Tondli Tondle Thondekaayi
Knolkol Gathgobi, knolkol Navalkol Navil kosu
Ladies Finger (Okra) Bhindi Bhendi Bendekaayi
Mushrooms Khumb , Guchhi, Goochi Mushrooms, Khumb Anabe
Plantain Kachcha Kela Keela cha khood (not sure about it) Baalekaayi
Potato Aloo Batata Aloogedde
Pumpkin Kaddu Lal bhopla Kumbalakaayi
Radish Mooli Mula Moolangi
Radish Pods Mungre, moongre, mooli pods Dingari, mulyachya shenga Mulangi saang
Ridge Gourd Taroi Dhodka Hirekaayi
Snake Gourd - Padwal -
Sweet Potato Shakarkand Ratali Gensu
Tapioca Simla Aloo - Genasu
Turnip Shalgam - Navilkosu
Water Chestnuts Shingara Shingada Shingara
Yam Suran Suran Surangadde
Zucchini Tori - -

Fish Names in English, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Hindi

English Tamil Telugu Malayalam Kannada Hindi/Marati Bengali
Anchovies/
Anchovy
Nethili, Thogai
meen,
Nethail
Nethallu, Pooroava, Kelba, Poravallu Nethili, kozhuva Bolingei
Kollathuru
Kati
Barracuda Sheela,
Ooli meen,
Pilinjan,
Cheela,
Goli,Gola,
Oozha,
Seela

Jellow Neduva, koduva,
Cheela,
Thiruthakka
-dian,
Sheelavu,
Thinda
Obantol,
Kanaki
Jaban
Tal
Bhetki Khajura
Bluefin
Travelly
Paarai Kurugu
paarah
Vatta, Kuluvel, Oyupara, maduthala Shitap
Bombay
Duck
Vangaravasi vanamattalu, cocomutta Bummuli Bombil,
Bummalo
Butterfish, Murrel Viral Meen Bonke Nachara Konande,
Bonke
Pabda
Jhol
Catfish Kelluthi, Mandai Jelalu, walaga, Tedi Jella, Valia Etta, Kaari,
Thendu
kadu
Thede Teesrya/
shimplya
Catla (Bengal carp) Katla, Kendai, Thoppu meen, kanavi,
Theppu Meen
Botchee, Botcha Karakatla, Katla Katla,
Pla Kra
Ho
Clams Chippi, Kilingal, Vaazhi Kakka, Eninththi
Cod Panna, Kalava Mullan, Chemmun, Sarghan Panni meen
Convict surgeonfish Kozhimeen Mootah Varipara, Kurichil, Paalla Mada
Crab Nandu Peetha, Pitha Nandu,
Njandu

Kekda,
 Kurlya
Cuttle
 fish
Kanawai, Thotti kanavai Tonadi kanava, kalaan
kanava
Dart Kutili Kaduvai Peeyada Kaduvai,
Kokkare
Dolphin Fish Ailai, Koppurai kuzha Abanoos Avnose, Abanoos Abanoos
Eel Vilangu, Seram Paambu Maluguchepa Paambu meen,
malanjil
Kencholi,
Hari
Meenu
Vam,
Bale,
Ahir
Kamila
Emperor (Mula) Vaalai
meen,
Kulli
kozhi
meen,
Vilai
meen,
Valai
Meen
Erimeenu Valiya Vilmeen, Kurali Erimeenu,
Kokkare


Fin bream (Threadfin bream)/
 Pink
perch
Navara,
Rani meenu, Sennagarai, Thullu Kendai, Kandal meen
Chalaneera kanti Kelli meen, Killi meen, Chengavaal, Mudumagalu,
Madmal,
Madumagala
Rani
Finned Bulleye Cheena vaarai, Kakkasi Disco meenu Chenvara, Unnimary Disco
menu
Flying fish Parava, Parava
kola, Kola
Parava meenu Kola
parava, Baravi
Parav
menu
Garfish Kola, Kokki meen, Vellai morel Kokare,
Konti
Kola meen, murrel Kokkare,
Konti
Tokali Kankley
Greas carp
 fish (Carp)
Kendai, aranjan podi, aringal, Poorali Arju, Elamosa,
Chittahri
Reba,
Rogu
Batta
Grouper (Reef cod) Kalavan, Panni meen, Komeri, Kelavan Muri meenu kalava, murumeen Guri,
Gopra,
Muri meenu
Grunter kurumutti, kalianthalai Korakka, Karuppi Kurukuruppan Thondo,
Thondakappe
Karakara
Halibut Potha
Herring Giant Mooran
Kenda,
Manna,
Allathi,
Ulahti
Bhing
Hilsa Fish Ullam,
Oolum,
Vengannai,
Seva
Killalu Mallas Hilsa Pala
Horse Mackeral Paarai, Puli paarai, thenga paarai paar Chamba,
Kolli paara, Vangada, Kanni Ayila
Bangada,
Kodante,
Goukae
Indian Goat fish Nagarai, navarai Rathi goolivinda manakkam Kurli,
Purli
Indian Shad (Hilsa) Oolum, vengannai Killalu Paluva Mallas
Hilsa
Chaksi
Jewfish Kathalai, Koppayan Pulli panna Palli kora Ghoti Ghol
Katla,
Catla,
Bengal Carp
Kendai,
Katla,
Kanavi,
Karavai,
Yamaneri
Kendai
Botchi,
Botcha,
Botchee,
Krishnabotcha
Karakatla,
Karaka,
Karacatla,
Katla
Tambra,
Katla
King fish/Indo-Pacific king mackerel Vanjiram, Kadal viral, Neimeen Vanjiram, peddah-mottah kadal viral, mottah Anjal,
Surmai
Sakala
Lady Fish Kilangan,
Kilachi
Poozhan,
Noongal,
Poovan,
Nangol,
Cudeerah
Kane, Nogli Kane,
Nogli
Leather skin fish Theera, tholpaarai,
Katta
palai meen koda,
Leather
Paali-meenu
Little tunny Soorai
Lizard fish Thumbili, Thanni Panna Cade mottah Arranna Aranai
Meenu
Lobster Singai raal, kal eral Konju Konjan Konju Shevand
Mackerel Kanangeluthi, kaanakaathai Kannangadatha Aila,
Ayala
Bangude Bangda
Mackerel Horse Labi
Malabar Anchovy Poruva, poorava Manangu Tharave,
Larrae
Manangu
Malabar Trevally Paarai, Thol Paarai Kodavai Paara Kodavai,
Bonke
Mango Fish Dodywa,
Rawas
Mangrove jack(Mangrove red snapper) Seppili, Vekkattai Kalavayan
Marine cat fish Kelluthi
Milk fish (White mullet) Paal meen, paal kendai pala bontha poomeen Hoovu
menu,
Hoomeenu
Moon fish Kannadi karel Ambattan paara Ambattan paara Hakkimeen
Mrigal(White carp) Ven kendai, Mrigal Arju, Yerramosu Venkenda, Mrigal Mrigal,
Dodda-arja
Mrigal
Mullet (Red Mullet) Saala, Madavai Kendai Bontha parigi, Koniga, kathi parigo Thirutta Maalan, Kanambu
Mullet Marine Mangin Boir
Murrel (Snakehead fish) Viral meen, Koravai Erramatta, Mottu, Korava Korava, manathu kannan, vatton Cheng
Mussels Aazhi, matti, Chippi, Kallikai kadukka, kakka, kadal kai
Oyster Chippi, Muthu chippi, kavaddi Kakka, Muni
Parrot fish Pachai elimeen Kili meenu Kizhi meen Gili
meenu
Pearl spot Pattai, Palincha, Setha kendai Cashimera Karimeen, erimeen Karimeen
Perch Kilichan, Panayeri kendai Chamalu, kilipothu, Ganam Keeri, Kallakeedam
Pomfret Vavval Nalla Chanduva, Tella chanduva Aavoli Manji Paplet
Prawn Eraa Jhinga, Chingri, Sungat Chemeen
Red Snapper Sankara Meen, Paruthi vela meen Korameenu, thundava, rangu Pahari, Chemballi murumeen Tambusa
Ribbon fish / Belt fish / hair tail Vaalai Savallu Vaala Bala,
Pitiurkti,
Pitiwagti
Rohu (Carpo fish) Kannadi kendai, rohu Bocha gnadu meen Rohu Tambada Massa
Sailfish Kopparan, mayil meen Olameen
Solmon (Indian solman / Threadfin)/
Salmon
Kaala, Thira vaala Maga, Budatha maga Kaala, kora, bameen Surmai Rawas
Sardines Mathi Meen, Kavalai, Vellai suda, Neethu kavalai Kavalu, Noona Kavallu Mathi, veloori, Chaala Mathi,
Bootayi(Tulu)

Pedvey,
Padwa,
Washi
Saw Fish / Gur Kola Meen, Uluvai, Vela Yella Vakusravu Kandere
Seabass Koduvai Meen Kalanji
Seer fish Vanjaram, Neimeen, Nettaiyan Cheela Vanjaram, konema Neymeen Surmai, Visonu,
Tuvar Anjari
Shark Sura Meen, sorrah Soraputtu, sorrah Sraavu, Choraku Thatte Shivda,
Pari,
Puram
Silver Bar fish Karu vaali, Mullu Vallai Mullu Vaalai, Vaala Karli,
Datali
Silver Belly / Pony fish Kaaral podi, Kara podi Kaara Thaali mullen, Karal, Nalla Mullen Surgutta,
Katali,
Titaka
Silver Biddy uduvan, Oodan, Velludan Kodian Purachi, Pranjin
Silver Moony / Finger fish / Silver bat fish Parrandan moolen, Purranndee Aakoli, vavalmeen
Shrimp/ Prawn Eral, Raatu Boli, Etti Chemmeen Kolbi
Snapper Kondal
Sole Fish / Tongue sole Naaku Meen, Virahi, Nangu Korra meenu Nangu, Manganu Sohr
Spade fish Seepu Thiratai
Squid Oosi Kanawa, Kanavai Kanawa
Tilapia Kari / Neyyi, Jilapi, Jilehi
Tuna Soorai Choora Gedare
Turbot (Indian spiny turbot) Potha, Erumei-nakku Dodda Nangu, Kolli nangu, Noori nalaka Manthal, Aayiram pali Kuppa
 or
 Gedar
Vela Vela meen Velavu, Vella para
Whip-tail sting ray/ Ray fish Thirukkai Teki, Belugiri, Tenku Thirandi, Kottiva
White fish (False Travelly) Neer Suthumbu, Kuthuppu Sadumi Kuthuppu, Parava, Kadu
Whiting / Lady fish Kilanga Meen, Kilachi Poozhan, Noongal, Cudeerah Kane
Yellowfin Tuna Keerai Valliya chura, poovan chura Kedar

Common Sea Fish in Kerala

Name Scientific Name Malayalam
Goldstripe sardinella Sardinella gibbosa Chaala, Mathi
Indian oil sardine Sardinella Longiceps Chaala, Mathi
Fringescale sardinella Sardinella fimbriata Kari-chaala
Name Scientific Name Malayalam
Indian Mackerel Rastrelliger kanagurta Ayala
Black Pomfret Parastromateus niger Aavoli
Silver Pomfret Pampus argenteus Velutha Aavoli
Seer fish, King-fish, Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus commerson Naimeen / Ayakoora
Seer Fish, Indo-Pacific king mackerel Scomberomorus guttatus Naimeen / Ayakoora
Wahoo Acanthocybium solandri Ayakoora
Kawa Kawa, Mackerel Tuna Euthynnus affinis Choora
Pacific Bonito Sarda chilensis Choora
Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis Choora
Striped bonito Sarda orientalis Vaari Choora
Frigate tuna Auxis thazard thazard Ellichoora, Ayalachoora
Blacktip shark Carcharhinus limbatus Sraavu, choraku
Spadenose shark Scoliodon laticaudus Sraavu, choraku
Whitecheek shark Carcharhinus dussumieri Sraavu, choraku
Javanese cownose ray Rhinoptera javanica Therandi, Tirandi
White tail sting ray Dasyatis bleekeri Therandi, Tirandi
Pink perch, Japanese threadfin bream Nemipterus japonicus Kilimeen
Convict Surgeonfish Acanthurus triostegus Kurichil
Indian anchovy Stolephorus indicus Kozhuva, Natholi, Nethal
Silver Moony, Fingerfish Monodactylus Argenteus Aakoli
Jew fish Nibea soldado Kora
Bengal tongue-sole, Sole Fish Cynoglossus semifasciatus Nangu, Manthal
Bluefin trevally Caranx melampygus Vatta
False trevally Lactarius lactarius Parava
Finletted mackerel Megalaspis cordyla Thiriyan, Vangada, Kanni ayala
Blacktip sea catfish Plicofollis dussumier Etta
Malabar thryssa Thryssa malabarica Manangu
White sardine Escualosa thoracata Veloori
Black Spot Snapper Lutjanus fulviflamus Pahari, murumeen
Pickhandle barracuda Sphyraena jello Seelavu

Sea Fish in Hindi

English Name Hindi English Name Hindi
Beaked SalmonChonchavaladSalmonOysterKalava, Kasturi Machli
Black PomfretHalva Machli Parrot FishTota Machli
BluefishSyuramachPearl SpotKaremeen
Bombay DuckBombaliPerchKavayi, Koi Machli
Butter Fish Indian Pabda,Pattayi PattayiPerch ClimbingKavayi, Koi Machli
CarpRou, Ruee PomfretPapalet, Pamplet
CatfishSainghada, SangatamaPrawnsChinga, Chingari, Chemeen, Sangat
CatlaBosa, ChepatiRed SnapperRani
ClamsThisriyoRoeMachli Anda
CodGombriRohuRohu Machli
CrabsKekattaSalmon FishRavas, Saimon Machli
CrevalleKhampiSardinesPedva
Denticle HerringDannuli MachliSawfishAara Machli, Kendare
Dolphin FishDolphin, Mahi MahiSeer FishSurmayi
Fin BreamRani MachliShad IndianHilsa
FlatfishChapata MachliSharkMori, Jori
GoatfishMulletuSilver BelleySaragatta
HalibutBakasSilver PomfretPamplet
HerringHilsa, BhingSnake HeadMurel
JewfishPanni MeenSolefishRepti, Murel
KingfishSurumi, VisonuSorrel RedChukka Saag
Lady Fish KaneNogaliSpiny EelKantedaar Machli
Lizard FishChipkali MachliSquidManiky, Samdra Pheni, Kalmari
MackerelBangdaTunaChura
MilkfishDudh MachliTurbot IndianKuppa Machli
MoonfishChand MachliTurtleKachuva
MulletBoyi, ShevtiVelaVela
MurrelMurelWhite BaitKatayi
MusselsShanbuk, Siphi MachliYellowfin TunaAlbakori