Kanpur is the second most populous city and the largest urban agglomeration in Uttar Pradesh. Kanpur is one of the largest industrial cities in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Kanpur Nagar district and Kanpur division and is known as Leather City as it contains some of the largest and finest tanneries in the world. Kanpur is one of North India's main commercial and industrial centres.
Kanpur is situated on the bank of the Ganges River and has been an important place in the history of modern India. Kanpur was one of the main centers of industrial revolution in India. It was known as Manchester of the East. Towards the end of 19th century, Sir John Burney Allens established a group of companies such as Kanpur Textiles, Cawnpore Woollen Mills (Lal Imli), Flex Shoes Company, Elgin Mills and North Tannery under the banner of British India Corporation having headquarters at Kanpur. In the beginning of 20th century, Lala Kamlapat established a group of companies such as; J.K. Cotton Mills and J.K. Iron etc. under the banner of J.K. During the same period Sir J. P. Srivastava established New Victoria Mills.The Jaipuria family bought Swadeshi Cotton Mills from the Horsman family and in 1928 Sardar Inder Singh founded India's First steel re-rolling mill at Singh Engineering which later became one of India's biggest steel rolling mills. British Government also established a number of factories like; Ordnance Factory, Kanpur and Parachute Factory in 1886 to supplement their defence requirements. Today Kanpur comprises Ghari detergent, Red Tape Shoes, Goldie spices, Duncans Industries, innumerous middle scale industries, Hosiery business