Mahbubnagar or Mahboobnagar also known as Palamooru is the biggest town in the Mahbubnagar District of Andhra Pradesh, 100 km from the state capital, Hyderabad.

Formerly known as Rukmammapeta and Palamooru, it was named Mahbubnagar on 4 December 1890 in honour of Mir Mahabub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI, the Nizam of Hyderabad (1869-1911 AD). It has been the capital of the district since 1883 AD. Mahbubnagar is bordered by the Tungabhadra River in the south and surrounded by the Nalgonda, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Raichur, Yadgir and Gulbarga districts. The Golconda diamonds, including the famous Kohinoor diamond allegedly came from Mahbubnagar district.