Sengottai is a municipality in the Tirunelveli district, of Tamilnadu. Spread over an area of 2.68 Sq. Kilometers with a population of over 26,838, the economy of the town revolves around the cultivation of rice. The name Sengottai means Red Fort in Tamil. There is fort like structure on the entrance of this town. Sengottai is also spells as Shencottah, Shenkottai, Chengottai, Chenkottai, Sengottai, Senkottai) and is roughly 5 Kilometers from the courtallam waterfall. Sengottai lies at an altitude 482 feet (146 metres).

Before state reorganization sengottai was a part of the Travancore Kingdom. In December 1851, the boundary between tirunelveli and Travancore on the sengottai side was clearly defined as proposed by General Cullen as early as 1846, and finally sanctioned by the Madras Government. sengottai Municipality was constituted in 1921. The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 came into effect from the 1st November 1956 and consequently the Tamil speaking area of sengottai taluk of Quilon district were added to Madras State. sengottai was revised from III grade to II grade as per G.O. No.85 dated 22.5.98. Vanchinathan, popularly known as Vanchi, was an Indian Tamil independence activist. He is best remembered for having shot dead Ashe, the Collector of Thirunelveli and having later committed suicide in order to evade arrest.

How to reach Sengottai
Sengottai is connected by road to most places in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The nearest airport is in Madurai, roughly four hours by road and three hours by train. There is a railway station and railway line between Sengottai and Tenkasi. Trivandrum International Airport is four hours by road. This road passes through the beautiful Western Ghats. Transport Corporation of Tamil Nadu, Tirunelveli & Madurai Branch Depots and Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation Express Service Depot serve Sengottai