| Tirupati Venkateswara Temple
TIRUPATI VENKATESWARA TEMPLE
Tirupati or Tirupathi is a pilgrimage city located in the state of Andhra Pradesh located at the foothills of Tirumala. The city owes its existence to the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple situated on the Tirumala Hills. It is on the Venkatachala Hill. Tirumala is the abode of Lord Venkateshwara, one of the Avatars of Lord Vishnu, located atop Seshachala hills often called as Yedu Kondalu (seven hills).
Tirumala Venkateswara Temple
Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, also known as Tirupati Venkateswara Temple is a famous Hindu Temple of Lord Venkateswara located in Tirumala (Tirupati, Tirumala), Andhra Pradesh. The temple is located on the Venkatachalam hill that forms part of the seven hills of Tirumala, and hence the temple is also known as the Temple of Seven Hills (Saptagiri in Sanskrit, Edukondalu in Telugu and Ezhumalai in Tamil). The presiding deity of the temple, Lord Venkateswara, is also known by other names - Balaji or Srinivasa or Perumal.
The temple is the richest and the most visited place of worship in the world. The temple is visited by about 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims daily, while on special occasions and festivals, like the annual Brahmotsavam, the number of pilgrims shoots up to 500,000, making it one of the most visited holy place in the world.
According to the legend, the temple has a self-manifested idol murti of Lord Vishnu, with the Lord believed to have resided here for the entire Kali Yuga. In Sri Vaishnava tradition, the temple is considered one of the 108 Divya Desam sites.
The Tirumala hills comprising of the seven hills of Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri are the abode of the Tirumala Venkateswara temple. The hill town (Tirumala) and the temple (Venkateswara Temple) are located on the Seshadri or Seshachalam hill. The temple complex comprises a smaller traditional temple building along with a number of modern queue and pilgrim lodging sites.
The varied names ascribed to the main deity are Balaji, Srinivasa, Perumal, Venkateswara and Venkatachalapathy. The goddess Sri or Lakshmi (Vishnu's consort) resides on the chest of Venkateswara, and thus he is also known by the epithet Srinivasa (the one in whom Sri resides). Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Padmavathi reside on his either chests. The deity is considered the Kali yuga varada, that is 'the boon-granting Lord of Kali yuga' (the fourth and final age of the Hindu cycle of ages). The temple is held in particular reverence by the Vaishnava sect of southern India, known as the Sri Vaishnava.
For worshippers, the deity Venkateswara symbolises goodness. When people travel to Tirupati, they chant "Yedu Kondala Vada Venkataramana Govinda Govindaa" (in Telugu), "Yezhu Malai Vaasa Venkataramana Govinda Govindaa" (in Tamil) or "Tirupati Thimmappana Padakke Govinda" (in Kannada).
With his conch he creates the cosmic sound from which the creation has manifested.And with his disc he destroys ignorance and ego in the beings,thus liberating them. Lord Venkateswara is believed by followers to be a very merciful deity form of Vishnu, being the fulfiller of every wish made to him by the devotees.
The Holy mantra chanted is Om Namo Venkateshaya. "The Venkateswara Suprabhatam", the morning recital of prayers and songs of awakening, is written by Prativadi Bhayankaram Annan of Kanchipuram. Several composers composed beautiful kirtans about Lord Venkateswara, the most notable amongst them being Tyagaraja and Annamacharya. Annamacharya is a legendary devotee of Lord Venkateswara and composed songs almost exclusively about the deity.
KSTDC offers temple tour packages including Tirupati from Bangalore. The details about KSTDC offered packages Trips & Tours from Bangalore to Tirupati can be found in the following link.
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How to Reach Tirupati
By Road: Tirupati has the third largest bus station in Andhra Pradesh. It has nearly 50 platforms. Tirupati has another bus station near Alipiri. For every 2 minutes, there is a bus facility from Tirupati to Tirumala. Tirupati has bus facilities connecting almost each and every important city and town. Tirupati has good infrastructure. The by-pass laid by NTR is a six lane road covering most of the parts in the city. Tirupati is criss-crossed by National Highways.
For every 3-4 km, traffic signals are present to control the traffic. Traffic signals are so well synchronised, that you don't see them anywhere else in Andhra Pradesh. Yet, in some parts traffic is haphhazard. Many non air-conditioned and air-conditioned buses are operated by the government-run APSRTC and other private operators connecting Tirupati to other major cities and towns directly.
Bus Services to Tirupati (Tirupathi) Tirumala Hills Venkateswara Temple from Bangalore: Here are the details about Bus Services from Bangalore to Tirupati (Tirupathi) are as follows. There are two ordinary buses one at 20:45 and another at 23:30 from Bangalore. There are 4 Rajahamsa buses running from Bangalore to Tirupati. The Rajahamsa Bus Timings are as follows:- 22:05, 22:45, 23:20 & 23:31. There are also 4 Volvo Buses running from Bangalore to Tirupati. The Volvo Bus Timings are as follows: 21:45, 22:00, 22:30 and 23:00. There is also a Corona Ambani Bus at 21:52. Ordinary Bus Charges Rs.140, where as fare for Rajahamsa is rs. 210, Volvo is Rs. 390 and that for Corona is Rs. 300.For Bus Tickets from Bangalore to Tirupati you can contact:
K.S.R.T.C Patel Transports
Computerised Reservaton Counter
#24, Tippu Sulthan Palace Road, Kalasipalaya,
Bangalore, Karnataka 560002
Phone Number: 080-41249658, 94808 15417
Enquries about K.S.R.T.C bus services can be made at Telephone Numbers 080-22870099 and 080-22873377 (Kempegowda Bus Stand, Magesic, Bangalore Enquiry), 0824-2212243 (Mangalore), 0821-2520853 (Mysore).
► KSRTC Bus Services From Bangalore to Tirupati
► Bus Services From Bangalore To Tirupati Tirupathi
7 Hills of Tirupathi (Ezhu Malai)
Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple is a landmark vaishnavite temple situated in the hill town of Tirumala at Tirupati in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Venkateswara, an incarnation of Vishnu, who is believed to have appeared here to save mankind from trials and troubles of Kali Yuga. Hence the place has also got the name Kaliyuga Vaikuntham and Lord here is referred to as Kaliyuga Prathyaksha Daivam. The temple is also known by other names like Tirumala Temple, Tirupati Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple. Venkateswara is known by many other names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa.
The Tirumala Hills are part of Seshachalam Hills range. The hills are 853m above sea level. The Hills comprises seven peaks, representing the seven heads of Adisesha. The seven peaks are called Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabhadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri. The temple lies on the seventh peak -Venkatadri, on the southern banks of Sri Swami Pushkarini, a holy water tank. Hence the temple is also referred to as "Temple of Seven Hills". Tirumala town covers about 27 sq km in area.
The Temple is constructed in Dravidian architecture and is believed to be constructed over a period of time starting from 300 AD. The Garbagriha (Sanctum Sanctorum) is called AnandaNilayam. The preciding deity, Venkateswara, is in standing posture and faces east in Garbha griha. The temple follows Vaikhanasa Agama tradition of worship. The temple is one of the eight Vishnu Swayambhu Kshetras and is listed as 106th and the last earthly Divya Desam. The Temple premises had two modern Queue complex buildings to organize the pilgrim rush, Tarigonda Venkamamba Annaprasadam complex for free meals to Pilgrims, hair tonsure buildings and a number of pilgrim lodging sites.
It is the richest temple in the world in terms of donations received and wealth. The temple is visited by about 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims daily (30 to 40 million people annually on average), while on special occasions and festivals, like the annual Brahmotsavam, the number of pilgrims shoots up to 500,000, making it the most-visited holy place in the world. It is around 435 km from Vijayawada, 571.9 km from Hyderabad, 138 km from Chennai, 291 km from Bangalore and 781.2 km from Visakhapatnam.
Distance from Whitefield to Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh is 2.6 km and takes around 4 h 7 min via NH4. Distance from Wilson Garden, Bengaluru to Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh is 253 km and travel time in this route is 5 h 2 min via NH4. Distance from Sri Venkateswara Swamy Vaari Temple, South Mada Street, Tirumala, Tirupati to Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh is 291.8 km and takes around 6 h 12 min via NH205 and Anantapur-Tirupati Hwy/Chennai-Anantapur Highway.
How to reach Tirupathi Devastana
By Rail: Tirupati East railway station has 10 platforms. The station is currently undergoing moderanisation with the construction of 3 escalators. There is another major junction in Tirupati (Renigunta).Tirupati West railway station and Chandragiri stations are also present which have to be developed. There are many trains travelling across the country with Tirupati as the starting point. Tirupati is connected to all the major cities in the country by railways. Tirupati railway station is the fourth in India to be recognised as a "World class" with Mumbai, Delhi, Secunderabad in the first three places.
By Air: Tirupati has an International Airport.Tirupati Airport is the third airport established in the state and the 18th International Airport in the country. It operates national airlines between Tirupati and Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Delhi and Visakhapatnam. Air India operates flights from Hyderabad and Delhi, while Kingfisher Red operates flights from Vishakapatnam(Vizag), Hyderabad and Bengaluru. The airport is located 15 km from the city center. Paramount Airways is planning to launch its service soon. Other services are roping up to join the big league too. The airport is huge and to international standards. The runway is being extended by 1 km and the night landing facility has been installed recently. International Cargo flights to Japan are in Operation. Passenger flights to Newyork, London, Dubai, Singapore and Malaysia have been planned for launch in 2009/10.
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