Uttara Kannada

Uttara Kannada also known as North Kanara or North Canara is a Konkan district in Karnataka. It is bordered by the state of Goa and Belgaum District to the north, Dharwad District and Haveri District to the east, Shimoga District and Udupi District to the south and the Arabian Sea to the west. The city of Karwar is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Uttara Kannada was the home of the Kadamba kingdom from the 350 to 525. They ruled from Banavasi. After the subjugation of the Kadambas by the Chalukyas, the district came under successive rule of empires like Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Hoysalas and Vijayanagar empire. Famous Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta is said to have stayed for a time in the district under the protection of Nawayath Sultan Jamal Al-Din at Hunnur. This place is presently known as Hosapattana and is located in the town of Honnavar. Ruins of an old mosque and its minaret can still be seen in the village. The district came under the rule of Maratha Empire in the 1750s and later part of Mysore Kingdom, who ceded it to the British at the conclusion of the Fourth Mysore War in 1799. It was initilally part of Kanara district in Madras Presidency. The district was divided to North and South Kanara districts in 1859. The British finally transferred Uttara Kannada district to Bombay Presidency in 1862.

After India's independence in 1947, Bombay Presidency was reconstituted as Bombay State. In 1956 the southern portion of Bombay State was added to Mysore State, which was renamed Karnataka in 1972. Uttara Kannada was an ancient site of sea trade visited by the Arabs, Dutch, Portuguese, French and later the British. Ibn Battuta passed through this route during one or more of his journeys.

Significant and picturesque, the Sadashivgad fort of historical importance is now a popular tourist destination located by the Kali river bridge, which has been built at the confluence of the river and the Arabian Sea. The renowned Bengali poet and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore, who visited Uttara Kannada in 1882, dedicated an entire chapter of his memoirs to this town. The 22-year-old Rabindranath Tagore stayed with his brother, Satyendranath Tagore, who was the district judge in Uttara Kannada. There is a substantial amount of Chardo families in this area as they had migrated due to the persecution of the Portuguese in Goa.

State Protected Monuments in Uttara Kannada
State Protected Monuments officially reported by Archeological Survey of India in Uttara Kannada, Karnataka is listed below

State Protected Monuments in Uttara Kannada
  • Temples of Rameswara Mahadeva and Ganapati
  • Kaithabhesvara Temple with Inscriptions Uttara Kannada
  • Rudresvara Fort Temple Uttara Kannada
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  • Ship - shaped shrine of Kantradevi
  • Lakshmidevi Temple Uttara Kannada
  • Jain Temple of Parsvanath with inscribed stone
  • Sadasivgad, Savargad
  • Mahadeva temple with inscribed tablets
  • Temple of Mahabaleswar several shrines and ponds
  • Ramatirtha and temple of Ramalinga, Basavarajadurga
  • Rameshvar Temple
  • Loose stone sculptures near Jaina Temple
  • Old European graves Uttara Kannada
  • Forty ponds, temple of Kallamma Uttara Kannada
  • Narasimha Temple
  • Venkataramana Devasthana Muttinakere Shankaranarayana Devasthana
  • Temple of Markiamma
  • Temple of Naganath
  • Temple of Promontary called Kandugiri
  • Sadasivgad Fort
  • Samvargad Fort
  • Basavesvar Idol at Shirve Hill Uttara Kannada
  • Haider Ghat Uttara Kannada
  • Mahanti math, Gaddigi math, Venkataramana Devasthana Hundehom for kings of Sedhar
  • Ramaling Veerbhadradev temple
  • One big stone called Rama Khan
  • Ramaling Temple
  • Banavesvara temple
  • Shrines of Mahadeva and Parvati, Cave with Bronze female figure
  • Durga Temple
  • Dharesvar Dharanath Temple
  • Musukina Bhavi