Kurnool is a city and administrative seat of Kurnool district of AndhraPradesh, about 212 kilometres south of state capital Hyderabad. Kurnool is one-hundred-fifth largest city in India and the sixth-most populous city of Andhra Pradesh. It is the gateway to Rayalaseema and the largest city in the area. Kurnool served as the capital of Andhra State from 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956.

Little was known about Kurnool Town before the 11th century. The earliest knowledge of this settlement dates back to 11th Century. It is developed as transit place on the southern banks of the river Tungabhadra and was commonly known as 'Kandenavolu'. It was a greasing place for the carts which used to transport stone for the construction of temples at Alampur from which the name 'Kandenavolu' was derived. It was ruled by Cholas and later by Kakatiya kings in the 12th and 13th Centuries. Later on it became an independent part of the country under Jagirdars. Late it came under the influence of Vijayanagar Kings and it was during the 16th Century that Achyuta Raya built the Kurnool Fort. During the 17th Century it was ruled by Gopal Raja.

Abdul Wahab conquered king Gopal Raja and ruled over the country for 16 years. The town came under the influence of Moghal Emperor Aurangazeb in 1686. Later the town was ruled by Nawabs from Dawood Khan to Gulam Rasool Khan (1823). In 1839 the British Government took over control. In 1858 it was made over to a Collector under the General regulations. The British rule continued till 1947 during which period, Kurnool town was a part of Madras presidency. After separation of the 11 districts of Andhra from the composite of Madras state in 1953, Kurnool became the state Headquarters on October 1, 1953.

The Telugu speaking areas of erstwhile Hyderabad State were merged with Andhra Pradesh and then Andhra Pradesh State came into existence in November 1956, and the State Capital was shifted from Kurnool to Hyderabad. Kurnool has remained as District Headquarters.

Tourist Attractions

The Belum Caves, Kurnool is the longest cave system and is one of the Kurnool attractions which are visited by most of the people. It is an underground cave and has three well like cavities. The main attraction of the cave is the exquisite stalactite and stalagmite formations. Huge marble Buddha statue on these caves is the sign of worship of Buddhist monks. Natural waterfall is also seen in this cave which is very beautiful and attractive.

The Royal Fort, Kurnool is one of the worth visiting sites for the tourists as it was built between the period of 14th to 16th centuries. History enthusiasts visit this place and see several inscriptions in Arabic and Persian. This fort reflects the glorious history of the past.

The Oravakallu Rock Garden, Kurnool, which has natural rock formations. This place is located between water bodies. It is also the perfect place for picnic.

Mahanandi, Mahanandi is a village located east of the Nallamala Hills near Nandyal, Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is a picturesque village surrounded by thick forests. Within 15 km of Mahanandi, there are nine Nandi shrines known as Nava Nandis. Mahanandi is one of the Nava Nandis. The Mahanandiswara Swamy Temple, an important shrine, is located here. This ancient temple dates back over 1,500 years. The inscriptions of 10th century tablets speak of the temple being repaired and rebuilt several times.These nine temples are Mahanandi, Shivanandi, Vinayakanandi, Somanandi, Prathamanandi, Garudanandi, Suryanandi, Krishnanandi (also called Vishnunandi) and Naganandi. A festival is held here annually during February and March to celebrate Maha Shivaratri, the Great Night of Shiva.Mahanandi is about 14 km from Nandyal Bus Stop. The nearest airport is at Hyderabad, which is about 215 km from Kurnool, and the nearest railway station is at Nandyal.

Ahobilam, Ahobhilam also known as Ahobalam is located in the Allagadda mandal of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh, India. It is 40 km from Nandyal and about 150 km from Kurnool, the district headquarters. There are two temple houses, lower Ahobilam and upper Ahobilam.

Yaganti is a temple to Lord Shiva in Kurnool District in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. approximately 100 km from the city of Kurnool.The temple is in the Banaganapalle mandal,14 km west of Banagapalle (Mandal headquarters) on the Banaganapalle-Peapully road.

Bramhagundam, Bramhagundam is a Lord Kameswaridevi sahita Brmhagundeswara Swamy Temple, located east of the near Veldurthy, within 33 km of Kurnool city, Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India. an important shrine.(33km)

Srisailam (175 km from Kurnool)
Srisailam is famous for Shiva temple and Hydroelectricity Power Plant . The shrine of Lord Mallikarjuna picturesquely situated on a flat top of Nallamalai Hills, Srisailam is reputed to be one of the most ancient kshetras in India. It is on the right side of the River Krishna in Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh.

Mantralayam (92 km from Kurnool)
Raghavendra Swami Temple . Mantralayam is a village in Kurnool district. Mantralayam lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra river on the border with neighbouring Karnataka state. Mantralayam is also called as Manchale.

Alampur (25 km from Kurnool)
Shiva Temple . Alampur is a temple-town situated in Mahbubnagar district in Telangana. Alampur is located at about 90 km from Mahabubnagar, 27 km From Kurnool and 200 km from Hyderabad. Alampur is the meeting point of the sacred rivers Tungabhadra and Krishna and is referred to as Dakshina Kashi (Navabrahmeshwara Theertha) and the Western Gateway of Srisailam, the famous Shaivite (Shaivism) pilgrim centre. The principal deities at Alampur are Brahmeshwara and Jogulamba. It is surrounded by the Nallamala hills.

Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary (60 km from Kurnool)
Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for the Great Indian Bustard - the largest flying bird . Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in the Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Known primarily as a habitat of the Great Indian Bustard, the species has suffered a drastic fall in its numbers in the sanctuary in recent years.

Kalvabugga (27 km from Kurnool)
Natural spring is very attractive. Also don't miss the natural rock formations on the way.

Jagannatha Hill (5 km from Kurnool)
Jagannatha Hill is on Outskirts of Kurnool.

Sangameswara Temple, Kurnool

Before 1953 kurnool -