Scientists from Karnataka
K. T. Achaya
K. T. Achaya (6 October 1923 – 5 September 2002) was an eminent oil chemist, food scientist, nutritionist and food historian. He is the author of Indian Food: A Historical Companion, The Food Industries of British India, and A Historical Dictionary of Indian Food.
K. S. Amur
Krishna Shyamacharya Amur (born 1931) a professor emeritus of mathematics in Differential geometry was head of the department of mathematics, Karnatak University, Dharwar. Amur is the founder member of the Sri Aurobindo Society in Dharwar (1992) of Karanataka State and the vice-president of Karnatak Education Board, Dharwar. Amur is the younger brother of G. S. Amur a leading contemporary writer and critic in Kannada and English.
Anuranjan Anand is a geneticist studying molecular and cellular basis of human genetic disorders. He is a Professor at Molecular Biology and Genetics Unit, and an Adjunct Professor and Chair at Neuroscience Unit of the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research. Anuranjan Anand is an elected fellow of Indian science academies: Indian National Science Academy, National Academy of Sciences, India, and Indian Academy of Sciences. He received an Outstanding Research Investigator Award of the Department of Atomic Energy in the year 2006, and National Bioscience Award of the Department of Biotechnology in 2008.
Padmanabhan Anandan is the CEO of Wadhwani Institute for Artificial Intelligence, an independent not-for-profit Research institute focused on developing artificial intelligence based applications for social good. He was formerly vice president for research at Adobe Systems and prior to that a distinguished scientist and managing director of Microsoft Research. He was managing director at Microsoft Research India, which he founded in January 2005 in Bangalore. He joined Microsoft Research in Redmond, Washington in 1997, where he founded and built the Interactive Visual Media group. He was also previously professor of Computer Science at Yale University.
M. Annamalai, from the South Indian state of Karnataka, is a space scientist. He is a former director of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, in Sriharikota and holds the position of the Senior Advisor (Space Transportations Systems) at ISRO. Annamalai is a post graduate in Space Engineering from the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru and joined ISRO in 1970. He is credited with contributions in many areas of vehicle launch such as infrastructure development, design, integration and testing. He has also designed the 1.2 M Infrared astronomy telescope of Physical Research Laboratory at Mount Abu and many Antenna mounts for the ISRO network for tracking satellites and launch vehicles. The Government of India honored Annamalai in 2011, with the fourth highest civilian award of Padma Shri.
Manmohan Attavar (12 July 1932 - 12 December 2017) was an Indian horticulturist, plant breeder, writer and the founder of Indo American Hybrid Seeds (IAHS), an organization engaged in scientific plant breeding and horticulture. He founded the enterprise in 1965 and the organization, headquartered in Bengaluru, has grown to include 9 regional centres across India. He has served as a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Ministry of Commerce and the Federation of International Seedsmen, Switzerland and has been a director of the National Horticultural Board. He has co-authored a book, Floriculture : technology, trades, and trends, which was published by Oxford and IBH Publishing House in 1994.
A. A. Krishnaswami Ayyangar
A. A. Krishnaswami Ayyangar (1892–1953) was a mathematician from India. He got his M.A. in Mathematics at the age of 18 from Pachaiyappa's College and subsequently started teaching Mathematics there. In 1918 he joined the Mathematics Department of University of Mysore and retired from there in 1947. He died in June 1953. He is the father of the celebrated Kannada poet A. K. Ramanujan.
Davis Joseph Bagyaraj is an Indian scientist with the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore and the Vice Director of National Biodiversity Authority, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. He is also an author for various researchpublications.
Padmanabhan Balaram is an Indian biochemist and a former director of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore, India. He is a recipient of the third highest Indian civilian honour of Padma Bhushan (2014) as well as the TWAS Prize (1994).
Krishna Bharadwaj (21 August 1935 – 8 March 1992) was an Indian Neo-Ricardian economist mainly known for her contributions to the economic development theory and the revival of the ideas of classical economics. She believed that economic theory should be based on concepts which can be observed and be amenable to measurement in reality.
Bhāskara (1114–1185) also known as Bhāskarācārya ("Bhāskara, the teacher"), and as Bhāskara II to avoid confusion with Bhāskara I, was an Indian mathematician and astronomer. He was born in Bijapur in Karnataka. Bhāskara and his works represent a significant contribution to mathematical and astronomical knowledge in the 12th century. He has been called the greatest mathematician of medieval India. His main work Siddhānta-Śiromani, (Sanskrit for "Crown of Treatises") is divided into four parts called Līlāvatī, Bījagaṇita, Grahagaṇita and Golādhyāya, which are also sometimes considered four independent works. These four sections deal with arithmetic, algebra, mathematics of the planets, and spheres respectively. He also wrote another treatise named Karaṇā Kautūhala.
B. R. Bhat
Beliyar Ramdas Bhat was a professor and head of the department of statistics at Karnataka University, Dharwad for more than two decades. He was elected member of International Statistical Institute, and Fellow of Royal Statistical Society. Bhat a Havyaka Brahmin obtained his M.A. degree in mathematics from Madras University, and a M.A. degree in statistics from Karnataka University, Dharwad prior to working on his Ph.D. from Berkeley in 1961, his advisor was David Blackwell. Bhat was elected member of Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and South African Statistical Association. He was the Secretary, Editor and President of Indian Society for Probability and Statistics. He was also the past President of the Section of Statistics of the Indian Science Congress Association.
P. Gururaja Bhat
Paduru Gururaja Bhat (1924–1978) was a teacher, historian and archaeologist of Tulu Nadu and of Barkur, the ancient capital of the Tulu kingdom.
Jayaraman Chandrasekhar (born 1952) is an Indian computational chemist and a former professor at the department of organic chemistry of the Indian Institute of Science. He is known for his studies on the structure and bonding of organic molecules and is an elected fellow of Indian National Science Academy, and the Indian Academy of Sciences The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards, in 1995, for his contributions to chemical sciences.
Tavarekere Kalliah Chandrashekar
Tavarekere Kalliah Chandrashekar (born 1956) is an Indian bioinorganic chemist and a former director of National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, a CSIR subsidiary.. He was appointed as the director of National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar where he continues as a senior professor at the department of chemical sciences.. He is known for the discovery of novel macrocyclic systems and is an elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy National Academy of Sciences, India and the Indian Academy of Sciences The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards, in 2001, for his contributions to chemical sciences.
Chavundraya or Chamundaraya (Kannada Cāmuṇḍarāya, Cāvuṇḍarāya, 940–989) was an Indian military commander, architect, poet and minister. He served in the court of the Western Ganga dynasty of Talakad (in modern Karnataka, India). A person of many talents, in 982 he commissioned the construction of the monolithic statue of Bahubali, the Gomateshwara, at Shravanabelagola, an important place of pilgrimage for Jainism. He was a devotee of the Jain Acharya Nemichandra and Ajitasena Bhattaraka and was an influential person during the reigns of Marasimha II Satyavakya, (963–975). Rachamalla IV Satyavakya, (975–986) and Rachamalla V (Rakkasaganga), (986–999).
Patrick D'Silva is an Indian cell biologist, biochemist, and an associate professor at the Molecular Chaperone Lab of the Indian Institute of Science. He is known for his medical discoveries related to neurodegenerative diseases and cancer biology. The Department of Biotechnology of the Government of India awarded him the National Bioscience Award for Career Development, one of the highest Indian science awards, for his contributions to biosciences, in 2014.
S. G. Dani
Shrikrishna Gopalrao Dani is a Professor of mathematics at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai who works in the broad area of ergodic theory.
P. B. Desai
Pandurangrao Bhimrao Desai (1910–1974) was an Indian epigraphist, historian, and archaeologist.
Aloysius Prakash Fernandez
Aloysius Prakash Fernandez is an Indian economist, social worker and the Chairman of the NABARD Financial Services Limited (NABFINS), a National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) subsidiary, formed with the participation of several banks in India. Considered by many as a pioneer of microfinance and Self Help Group concept in India, he was the executive director and is the member secretary of Myrada, a non governmental organization working for the eradication of poverty, gender equality and social development.
K. N. Ganeshaiah
K.N. Ganeshaiah is an agricultural scientist and a retired professor of the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. He is also a novelist specializing in thrillers, and writes in the Kannada language.
Harish (Honnayya) S. Gaonkar (born 1946) is an Indian specialist on butterflies who contributed to the Zoological Museum at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark and wrote a 1996 compilation of butterflies of Western Ghats, South India cataloguing 330 species. Gaonkar was born in Karwar district, India. Gaonkar earned his PhD from the University of California, Berkeley.
Agnes Giberne (19 November 1845 in Belgaum, India – 20 August 1939 in Eastbourne, England) was a prolific British author who wrote fiction with moral or religious themes for children and also books on astronomy for young people.
Jayant R. Haritsa is an Indian computer scientist and professor. He is on the faculty of the CDS and CSA departments at Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. He works on the design and analysis of Database Systems. In 2009 he won the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize sponsored by CSIR, India. In 2014 he won the Infosys Prize for Engineering.
Ramachandra S. Hosmane
Ramachandra "(Ram)" S. Hosmane (1944-) is a retired Senior Professor of Organic Chemistry at University of Maryland, Baltimore County. Dr. Hosmane has over 160 peer-reviewed research publications in reputed international journals. He holds seven U.S. and World patents, some of which have been licensed to industries. His current research focus is on drug discovery for dual inhibition of HCV and HIV as well as lung, breast, and prostate cancers.
Ramakrishna V. Hosur
Professor Ramakrishna Vijayacharya Hosur is an Indian biophysical scientist, known for his expertise in the areas of nuclear magnetic resonance and molecular biophysics. The Government of India honoured him, in 2014, by awarding him the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award, for his contributions to the fields of science and technology.
S. A. Hussain
Syed Abdulla Hussain (13 August 1944 – 30 December 2009) was an Indian ornithologist. He is best known for the work he undertook at the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) along with Salim Ali. A species of frog Nyctibatrachus hussaini from Kudremukh near his home, was named after him but the species name later became embroiled in controversy.
Maneesha S. Inamdar
Maneesha S. Inamdar (born 25 February 1967) is a developmental biologist specializing in stem cell research. She is a Professor and Chair at the Molecular Biology and Genetics Unit of the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR). She was as an adjunct faculty at the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (inStem) and is an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences and the Indian National Science Academy.
Dr. Ramarao Indira, M.A., Ph.D. (born 22 April 1952 in Mysore, Karnataka) is an Indian sociologist who lives in Mysore. In her University career spanning 42 years, she has held such positions as Chair of the Department of Sociology, Director of the International Centre and Honorary Director of the Centre for Women's Studies at the University of Mysore.
M. C. Joshi
M. C. Joshi (1928–1983) from Belgaum, India was a nuclear physicist and the founder and head of the university department of physics, University of Mumbai. The university department of physics was established in 1971. The University department of physics, under Joshi's guidance, took pioneering efforts in developing an Ion implantation facility in the early seventies and has been in the forefront in studying different aspects of ion beam modifications of material properties. Joshi guided several students for their Ph.Ds in physics.
M. M. Joshi
Mahipathi Madhwacharya Joshi (born 1935) is an Indian ophthalmologist and the founder of M. M. Joshi Eye Institute (Padma Nayanalaya), a 75-bedded super-specialty eye hospital, located in Hubli and Dharwad, and the largest in the region. The first post graduate private practitioner in the state of Karnataka, he is one of the founders of Karnataka Ophthalmic Society and a recipient of Rajyotsava Prashasti, the second highest civilian award of the Government of Karnataka. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2016, for his contributions to medicine.
Shankara Baaladeekshita Joshi (1896–1991), popularly referred to as Sham Ba Joshi, was an authority on the culture of Karnataka. Joshi was known for his unique and distinctive style of research. The range of his interests, study, research and thinking was very extensive. As a result, he was able to do seminal[according to whom?] research in linguistic analysis including the historical names of different places, divine imagery and religious symbolism. Kannada Pustaka Praadhikara has brought out a collection of all his works in 1999 in a six-volume publication. He spent most time in Sadankeri in Dharwad.
Kamalakara (1616–1700), an Indian astronomer and mathematician, came from a learned family of scholars from Golagrāma, a village on the northern bank of the river Godāvarī. His father was Nrsimha who was born in 1586. Two of Kamalakara's three brothers were also astronomer and mathematicians: Divakara, who was the eldest of the brothers born in 1606, and Ranganatha who was youngest. Kamalākara learnt astronomy from his elder brother Divākara, who compiled five works on astronomy. His family later moved to Vārāṇasī.
Suryanath U. Kamath
Suryanath Upendra Kamath (26 April 1937 – 21 October 2015) was an Indian historian who served as the Chief Editor of the Karnataka State Gazetteer from 1981 to 1995.
Sumitra Mangesh Katre
Dr. Sumitra Mangesh Katre (Prof. S. M. Katre) (11 April 1906 – 21 October 1998), a lexicographer, Indo Aryan and Paninian linguist, was born at Honnavar, Karnataka and died in San Jose, California, USA. Prof. Katre initiated the gigantic Sanskrit Dictionary Project, An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Sanskrit on Historical Principles, with its 11 million slips preserved in the scriptorium. His work The Formation of Konkani is his tribute to his mother tongue Konkani. S. M. Katre’s 1966 work, The Formation of Konkani, which used the instruments of modern historical and comparative linguistics across six typical Konkani dialects, showed the formation of Konkani to be distinct from that of Marathi. He was president of the 7th Session of the All India Konkani Parishad held 27–28 April 1957 at Mumbai.
Ajit Kembhavi (born 16 August 1950) is an Indian astrophysicist. He is presently a Professor Emeritus at the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, (IUCAA) at Pune, India, of which he was also a founder member. He also serves as a Vice President of the International Astronomical Union.
A. S. Kiran Kumar
Aluru Seelin Kiran Kumar (born 22 Oct 1952) is an Indian space scientist and former chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation, having assumed office on 14 January 2015. He is credited with the development of key scientific instruments aboard the Chandrayaan-1 and Mangalyaan space crafts. In 2014, he was awarded the Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian award, for his contributions to the fields of science and technology. Kiran Kumar previously served as Director of Ahmedabad Space Applications Centre.
Michael Lobo (born 12 September 1953) is an Indian scientist, writer, and genealogist. He is the author of three self-published books on the Catholic community in Mangalore.
Madappa Mahadevappa(born 4 August 1937), popularly known as Rice Mahadevappa is an Indian agricultural scientist and plant breeder, renowned for developing high yielding hybrid varieties of rice. He served as the Vice-chancellor of University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad for two terms and as the chairman of Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board under Indian Council of Agricultural Research of which he is a current member of governing council. He is the recipient of Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian honour and various other accolades.
Swami Manohar, otherwise known as Manohar Swaminathan, is a co-founder and the CEO of PicoPeta Simputers Pvt. Ltd. After obtaining his PhD in Computer Science from Brown University he was a faculty at the University of North Carolina for two years and then was at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, between 1990 and 2005. He was on the faculty of the department of Computer Science and Automation (CSA) and the Supercomputer Education and Research Center (SERC) at the Institute. He has been a visiting faculty at Columbia University, University of Missouri and the University of Texas. While at IISc, he co-invented the Simputer, was awarded the Dewang Mehta Award for Innovation in IT, and pioneered the faculty entrepreneurship activity at IISc, which has since catalyzed similar activity in IITs and other educational institutes in India. He co-founded Strand Life Sciences (formerly Strand Genomics), and String Labs, the first academic incubating company in India.
Achala Moulik (born 1 July 1941) is an Indian writer and former bureaucrat who served as Education Secretary to the Government of India, Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India from 1993 to 1994 and Additional Chief Secretary to the Government of Karnataka from January to June 2001. In 2013, Moulik won the Sergey Yessenin Prize for promoting Russian literature.
Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar
Diwan Bahadur Sir Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar, KCSI (14 October 1887 – 17 July 1976) was an Indian lawyer, diplomat and statesman who served as a senior leader of the Justice Party and in various administrative and bureaucratic posts in pre-independence and independent India.
Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar was born on 14 Yes October 1887 in the town of Kurnool and had his schooling in Kurnool. He graduated from the Madras Christian College and studied law at the Madras Law College. On completion of his studies, practised as a lawyer before joining the Justice Party and entering politics. Mudaliar was nominated to the Madras Legislative Council in 1920 and served from 1920 to 1926 and as a member of the Madras Legislative Assembly from 1931 to 1934, losing to S. Satyamurti in the 1934 elections. He served as a member of the Imperial Legislative Council from 1939 to 1941, as a part of Winston Churchill's war cabinet from 1942 to 1945 and as the Indian Representative in the Pacific War Council. He was India's delegate to the San Francisco Conference and served as the first President of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. He also served as the last Diwan of Mysore kingdom and occupied the seat from 1946 to 1949.
Kalappa Muniyappa (born 8 September 1952) is an Indian molecular biologist and geneticist, known for his researches on the chromatization of DNA and gene targeting. He is a professor and chairman of the department of biochemistry of the Indian Institute of Science and an elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, Indian Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences, India. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards, in 1995, for his contributions to biological sciences.
M. R. N. Murthy
M. R. N. Murthy (Mattur Ramabhadrashastry Narasimha Murthy), was a professor of molecular biophysics at the Indian Institute of Science, IISc, Bangalore. He currently teaches at the Institute of Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology, Bengaluru. His chief contributions are in the area of X-Ray crystallography. He was awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar award for outstanding contribution to physical sciences, which is the highest honour for a scientist in India, in the year 1992.
S. J. Nagalotimath
Dr. Sadashivayya Jambayya Nagalotimath (20 July 1940 – 24 October 2006) was an Indian medical scientist and writer. He also served as the Director of Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli. He died on 24 October 2006 at the KLE Society's Hospital at the age of 66.
Dr. V. Nagaraja (born 16 May 1954) is a Professor, Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru. He had received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in the year 1973 and 1975 from the Bangalore University. He completed his Ph.D. in 1981 from Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology at IISc and the work on mycobacteriophage I3 and role of DNA gyrase in mycobacteria set the stage for his later work when he joined the Institute as an assistant professor in 1989. After his PhD in 1981, he was a research associate at Biozentrum, University of Basel, Switzerland (1981–85) and at Department of Biology, University of Rochester, USA(1985–89). He joined in 1989 as an Assistant Professor, in Centre for Genetic Engineering, IISc and was involved in setting up of the department. He became an associate professor in 1995 at Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology, IISc, Professor in 2000 and served as professor and chairman of the department (2008–2013). He has been appointed president of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) by the Cabinet Committee on Appointments with effect from 14 October 2015.
Kullal Chickappu Naik
Kullal Chickappu Naik, abbreviated as K. C. Naik (born 14 August 1903, date of death unknown) was an Indian agricultural scientist mainly dealing with horticulture. He was also an academic administrator and author. He was the first vice chancellor of University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore.
D. M. Nanjundappa
Dogganal Mahadevappa Nanjundappa (D. M. Nanjundappa) (died 2005) was a noted economist from Karnataka and a professor of economics at Karnataka University, Dharwad. He served as the Vice-chancellor of the Bangalore University from 1987 and the Karnataka University. Professor Nanjundappa was deputy chair of the Karnataka State Planning Board. He was well known for his "Report of the High Power Committee for Redressal of Regional Imbalances in Karnataka". He died on Monday, 26 September 2005 at Bangalore and was buried with State honours at his native place Dogganal, in Holalkere Taluk of Chitradurga District.
K. V. Narayana
Kampalapura Veeranna Narayana (born 1948), also known as KVN, is a linguist, professor of Kannada language and literature, and a literary critic. He is currently the Chairman of the Kuvempu Bhasha Bharathi Pradikara, Government of Karnataka. He hails from Piriyapattana in Mysore district. During his time as a professor in Bangalore University, he initiated investigations into Kannada language and culture from the root level. He served as the registrar of Hampi Kannada University. His major areas of interest are Kannada language, literature, teaching and science. He received the Karnataka Sahitya Akademi Honorary Award for a lifetime's contribution to Kannada language and literature. He initiated a series of workshops on Kannada, what he calls Karnataka Odu, a special knowledge zone on Kannada. He is considered as one of the major thinkers of our times.
G. S. Paramasivaiah
G.S. Paramasivaiah played an important role in founding of Karnatak University. He was a student of the Nobel-laureate Sir CV Raman was the first Principal of the Karnatak Science College, Dharwad. He was also the Secretary of KLE Society Belgaum. In 1947, the Government of Bombay Province made attempts to establish a university in Bombay Karnataka. As per the resolution No.7914 of Education and Industries Department, the Government of Bombay, a committee was constituted on April 17, 1947 to make recommendations regarding form, scope, constitution and jurisdiction of a university for Karnataka (which meant Bombay Karnataka because Bombay Karnataka was a southern part of Bombay Province). The Lingayat Educationalists like Prof. G.S. Paramasivaiah along with Prof S.S. Basavanal and Dr. S.C Nandimath were associated with the committee. The Karnatak University came into existence in 1949.
Vishweshwaraiah Prakash is an Indian structural biologist, food technologist and a former director-general designate of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). He is a former director of the Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore and was involved with the International Union of Food Science and Technology as the chairman of its International Academy during 2008-10. He received the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, the highest Indian award in the science and technology category in 1996. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri in 2004.
Ashok M. Raichur
Ashok M. Raichur is an Indian materials scientist, nanotechnologist and a professor at the Department of Materials Engineering of the Indian Institute of Science. Known for his studies on the use of nanotechnology for biomedical and environmental applications, Raichur is a former Alexander von Humboldt Fellow and a life member of the National Academy of Sciences, India. The Department of Biotechnology of the Government of India awarded him the National Bioscience Award for Career Development, one of the highest Indian science awards, for his contributions to biosciences, in 2009.
N. S. Rajaram
Navaratna Srinivasa Rajaram (22 September 1943 – 11 December 2019) was an Indian academic and a Hindutva ideologue, notable for his publications from the Voice of India publishing house, propounding the "Indigenous Aryans" hypothesis and asserting that the Vedic period was extremely advanced from a scientific view-point. Rajaram also claimed to have deciphered the Indus script which was rejected by scholars.
Kanakanahalli Ramachandra (18 August 1933 – 17 January 2011) was an Indian mathematician working in both analytic number theory and algebraic number theory.
Raja Ramanna (28 January 1925 – 24 September 2004) was an Indian physicist who is best known for his role in India's nuclear program during its early stages. Having joined the nuclear program in 1964, Ramanna worked under Homi Jehangir Bhabha, and later became the director of this program in 1967. Ramanna expanded and supervised scientific research on nuclear weapons and was the first directing officer of the small team of scientists that supervised and carried out the test of the nuclear device, under the codename Smiling Buddha, in 1974.
Ramanna was associated with and directed India's nuclear program for more than four decades, and also initiated industrial defence programmes for the Indian Armed Forces. He was a recipient of Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian decoration, in honour of his services to build India's nuclear programme. Ramanna died in Mumbai in 2004 at the age of 79.
B. N. B. Rao
Basavapatna Narayana Balakrishna Rao (1910–1995) was an Indian surgeon, medical academic, researcher, writer and the president of the Association of Surgeons of India. He was a professor and head of the department of surgery at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. One of the founder fellows of the National Academy of Medical Sciences, he was also an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 1971, for his contributions to medical science.
C. R. Rao
Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, FRS known as C R Rao (born 10 September 1920) is an Indian-American mathematician and statistician. He is currently professor emeritus at Pennsylvania State University and Research Professor at the University at Buffalo. Rao has been honoured by numerous colloquia, honorary degrees, and festschrifts and was awarded the US National Medal of Science in 2002. The American Statistical Association has described him as "a living legend whose work has influenced not just statistics, but has had far reaching implications for fields as varied as economics, genetics, anthropology, geology, national planning, demography, biometry, and medicine." The Times of India listed Rao as one of the top 10 Indian scientists of all time. Rao is also a Senior Policy and Statistics advisor for the Indian Heart Association non-profit focused on raising South Asian cardiovascular disease awareness.
Gundu Hirisave Rama Rao
Gundu Hirisave Rama Rao was born in Tumkur (Karnataka), India, on 23 August 1937. He is a scientist, entrepreneur and a tenured professor at the Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota. He and Professor John Eaton visited India in 1981 under a National Science Foundation sponsorship (travel grant), to explore opportunities for collaborative research projects. They visited medical institutions from Kashmir in the north to Trivandrum in the south. He again visited India during 1990-93, as a professor and a senior consultant for the government of India under a United Nations Development Program (UNDP) called TOKTEN (Transfer of Knowledge Through Expatriate Nationals) sponsored by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. He is a member of the Minneapolis University Rotary Club. He is listed as a Senior Fulbright Scholar in the Roster. He is an active member of Rotary E-Club, RI.3190, Bangalore, India.
He is the founder of the South Asian Society on Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis and AayuSmart LLC, an IT-supported web-based health management company. He has been actively involved in creating awareness, developing educational and preventive programs for the prevention of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, obesity, metabolic diseases, type 2-diabetes vascular diseases and stroke. Dr. Rao has spent close to 40 years in Minnesota. Currently he lives in Maryland with his wife, two children, and three grandchildren, one named Porgy, and spends half of his time in India, developing collaborative projects related to improving health care.
Kalya Jagannath Rao
Kalya Jagannath Rao (born 7 December 1940), popularly known as K. J. Rao, is an Indian physical chemist and an Emeritus professor at the Indian Institute of Science. He is known for his researches on nanomaterials, amorphous Materials and ceramics and is an elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, National Academy of Sciences, India, International Academy of Ceramics, Asia Pacific Academy of Materials and World Innovation Foundation and the Indian Academy of Sciences. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards, in 1984, for his contributions to chemical sciences. He is also a recipient of the Ordre des Palmes Académiques of the Government of France.
M. B. Ramachandra Rao
Mandagere Bharadwaj Ramachandra Rao (5 August 1906 – 4 September 1992) was an Indian geophysicist, writer and one of the founding leaders of the Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC). It was Rao who was reported to have identified Patiala House as the headquarters of the organization. Born in the Mysore state of British India, (present-day Karnataka state), on 5 August 1906, he secured his post graduate degree (MSc) from the University of Mysore before joining the Geological Survey of India (GSI). Later, when the Oil and Natural Gas Commission was formed in 1956, he joined the organization along with a number of geoscientists from GSI where he served for a number of years.
Rao published several scientific articles and a number of books on geophysics. He was an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences. The Government of India awarded him the third highest civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan, in 1972, for his contributions to science. He died on 4 September 1992, at the age of 86.
M. S. Nagaraja Rao
Mirle Srinivasa Nagaraja Rao (3 June 1932 – 24 December 2011) was an Indian archaeologist who served as Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) from 1984 to 1987.
Shikaripura Ranganatha Rao
Shikaripura Ranganatha Rao (Kannada: ಶಿಕಾರಿಪುರ ರಂಗನಾಥ ರಾವ್) (1 July 1922 – 3 January 2013), commonly known as Dr. S. R. Rao, was an Indian archaeologist who led teams credited with discoveries of a number of Harappan sites including the port city Lothal and Bet Dwarka in Gujarat.
Udupi Ramachandra Rao
Udupi Ramachandra Rao (10 March 1932 – 24 July 2017) was an Indian space scientist and chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation. He was also the Chairman of the Governing Council of the Physical Research Laboratory at Ahmedabad and Nehru Planetarium at Bengaluru and chancellor of the Indian Institute for Space Science and Technology (IIST) at Thiruvananthapuram. Rao was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 1976, and Padma Vibhushan in 2017. He was inducted into the Satellite Hall of Fame, Washington, on 19 March 2013 at a ceremony organised by the Society of Satellite Professionals International. With this he became the first Indian to be inducted. He was also to be inducted in International Astronautics Federation (IAF) as on 15 May 2016. He was also the first Indian again to achieve such a feat.
Srinivas Kishanrao Saidapur
Srinivas Kishanrao Saidapur (born 7 March 1947) is an Indian reproductive biologist, academic and a former vice chancellor of Karnatak University. He is known for his studies on comparative endocrinology of amphibians and the reproductive biology of the vertebrates and is an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Indian National Science Academy, National Academy of Sciences, India and The World Academy of Sciences. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards, in 1991, for his contributions to biological sciences.
Dinakar Mashnu Salunke
Dinakar Mashnu Salunke is an immunologist and structural biologist Presently, he is the Director of International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) New Delhi. Earlier he was the Executive Director of newly established Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB), an institution jointly set up by Department of Biotechnology (India) and UNESCO at Faridabad. He is the recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology in the category of biological sciences (year 2000) and Fellow of all major science academies in India.
E. Sampathkumar (born 10 June 1936) is a professor emeritus of graph theory from University of Mysore. He has contributed to domination number, bipartite double cover, and reconstruction theory. He was chairman of the department of mathematics of the Karnataka university, Dharwar and the University of Mysore (1992–95).
Born and raised in Mallur village, Channapatna Taluk, Ramanagaram (District), outside of Bangalore, he earned a M.Sc. (1955) in mathematics from Central College of Bangalore University, and a Ph.D. (1965) in mathematics (Some studies in Boolean algebra) from the Karnataka University, Dharwar. He was a lecturer at the department of mathematics Karnatak College, Dharwar (1960–65), and then professor at the department of mathematics, Karnatak University, Dharwar (1966–1988). After retiring in 1996 from Mysore University (1989–96), he has been working for the Department of Science and Technology (India) as a principal investigator on several projects in graph theory. He was head at DOS in Mathematics, University of Mysore (1992–1995).
Kaustuv Sanyal (born 1969) is an Indian molecular biologist, mycologist and a professor at the Molecular Biology and Genetics Unit of the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR). He is known for his molecular and genetic studies of pathogenic yeasts such as Candida and Cryptococcus). An alumnus of Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya and Madurai Kamaraj University from where he earned a BSc in agriculture and MSc in biotechnology respectively, Sanyal did his doctoral studies at Bose Institute to secure a PhD in Yeast genetics. He moved to the University of California, Santa Barbara, USA to work in the laboratory of John Carbon on the discovery of centromeres in Candida albicans. He joined JNCASR in 2005. He is a member of the Faculty of 1000 in the disciplines of Microbial Evolution and Genomics and has delivered invited speeches which include the Gordon Research Conference, EMBO conferences on comparative genomics and kinetochores. The Department of Biotechnology of the Government of India awarded him the National Bioscience Award for Career Development, one of the highest Indian science awards, for his contributions to biosciences, in 2012. He has also been awarded with the prestigious Tata Innovation Fellowship in 2017. The National Academy of Sciences, India elected him as a fellow in 2014. He is also an elected fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences (2017), and the Indian National Science Academy (2018). In 2019, he has been elected to Fellowship in the American Academy of Microbiology (AAM), the honorific leadership group within the American Society for Microbiology.
Apurva Sarin (born 1 March 1962) is an Indian cell biologist and a professor at the National Centre for Biological Sciences. Known for her studies on the Mechanisms of apoptosis in metazoan cells, Sarin also serves as the dean of research at the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (inStem) and is an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences. An alumnus of the University of Delhi, she did her doctoral studies at the Jawaharlal Nehru University and the post-doctoral work at the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Her studies have been documented by way of a number of articles[note 1] and the online article repository of the Indian Academy of Sciences has listed 44 of them. The Department of Biotechnology of the Government of India awarded her the National Bioscience Award for Career Development, one of the highest Indian science awards, for her contributions to biosciences in 2005.
H. Krishna Sastri
Rao Bahadur Hosakote Krishna Sastri (16 September 1870 – 8 February 1928) was an Indian epigraphist with the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). He is known for his work in deciphering Brahmi inscriptions of Asoka at Maski and inscriptions of the Pallavas. Sastri edited volumes XVII, XVIII and XIX of ‘’Epigraphia Indica’’ and authored a book titled "South Indian images of Gods and Goddesses". Krishna Sastri was also known for his pioneering work in deciphering Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions. In a 1919 paper co-authored with K. V. Subrahmanya Aiyar, Sastri identified Tamil words in the Brahmi inscription found at Mangulam.
S. Srikanta Sastri
Sondekoppa Srikanta Sastri (5 November 1904 – 10 May 1974) was an Indian historian, Indologist, and polyglot. He authored about 12 books, over two hundred articles, several monographs and book reviews over four decades in English, Kannada, Telugu and Sanskrit. To his credit are such works as "Sources of Karnataka History", "Geopolitics of India & Greater India", "Bharatiya Samskruthi" (a compendium on Indian culture and tradition) and "Hoysala Vastushilpa" (a study of temple architecture of the Hoysala period in Karnataka). S. Srikanta Sastri was a polyglot well versed in fourteen languages spanning Greek, Latin, Pali, Prakrit, Sanskrit and German among others. He was Head of the Department of History & Indology at Maharaja College, University of Mysore between 1940 - 1960. He was conferred the Kannada Literary Academy award in 1970 and was subsequently honoured by Governor of Karnataka Mohanlal Sukhadia in 1973 during mythic society diamond jubilee function. A Festschrift was brought forth and presented to him during his felicitation function in 1973 titled "Srikanthika" with articles on History and Indology by distinguished scholars. His work on Indus Valley Civilization and town planning at Harappa and Mohenjodaro were published in successive articles and drew considerable attention. His Research articles on The Aryan Invasion theory, the date of Adi Sankaracharya, Oswald Spengler's view on Indian Culture, Jaina Epistemology, Proto-Vedic religion of Indus Valley Civilization and Evolution of the Gandabherunda insignia remain relevant today.
Ranganathan Shashidhar (born 1 January 1946) is a US-based Indian condensed matter physicist and a former head of the Laboratory for Molecularly Engineered Materials and Surface of the Center for Biomolecular Science & Engineering, a division of the United States Naval Research Laboratory. Known for his research on liquid crystals, Shashidhar is an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences and the senior vice president of Polestar Technologies, a US-based company involved in the development of sensing technologies. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards, for his contributions to Physical Sciences in 1984.
L. S. Shashidhara
Lingadahalli Subrahmanya Shashidhara (born 1963) is an Indian developmental biologist, geneticist and a professor of Biology at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune, and is currently on lien to of faculty of Biology at Ashoka University, Sonepat, India. He heads the LSS Laboratory at IISER and is known for his studies on Drosophila, particularly Evolution of appendages and functions of homeotic selector genes. He is a J. C. Bose National Fellow of the Department of Science and Technology and an elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, Indian Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences, India. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards, in 2008, for his contributions to biological sciences. In 2018, L.S. Shashidhara has been elected an Associate Member of European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO), making him the third scientist from India to join a group of about 1800 researchers from Europe and around the world.
L. S. Shashidhara is elected as the President of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS) in the 33rd General Assembly of IUBS held during the Centenary Year Event of IUBS, at Oslo, in 2019. On behalf of IUBS, Shashidhara is steering an international project on Climate Change Education (titled as TROP ICSU). This project is supported by many unions and UN organizations.
Mewa Singh (born 11 April 1951 in Maler Kotla), is an Indian primatologist, ethologist, and conservation biologist. He is a professor of ecology and animal behavior at University of Mysore Biopsychology Department in Mysore, Karnataka. A new night frog Nyctibatrachus mewasinghi has been named after him which is endemic to the Western Ghats. It is generally referred to as Mewa Singh's Night frog.
Singh's research centers on primate social behavior, including conflict resolution, cooperation, inequity aversion, and food-sharing. He is the author of the book Primate Societies and co-author of Macaque Societies: A Model for the Study of Social Organization. He has published more than 100 research articles on several animal species. Singh also studies the viability of primate populations and is frequently quoted in the media as an expert in this area. He is a fellow of all three Science Academies of India: Indian Academy of Sciences Bangalore; Indian National Science Academy New Delhi; National Academy of Sciences Allahabad. He is also a Ramanna Fellow, DST and a Fellow of the National Academy of Psychology, India.
B. V. Sreekantan
Badanaval Venkatasubba Sreekantan (born 30 June 1925) is an Indian high-energy astrophysicist and a former associate of Homi J. Bhabha at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). He is also a Dr. S. Radhakrishnan Visiting Professor at the National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore. Known for his studies in the fields of cosmic rays, elementary particles, and high-energy X-ray astronomics, Sreekantan is an elected fellow of all the three major Indian science academies namely, the Indian Academy of Sciences, the Indian National Science Academy and the National Academy of Sciences, India as well as the Maharashtra Academy of Sciences. He was also an associate of Bruno Rossi at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The Government of India awarded him the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian honour, in 1988.
Sargur Narasimhamurthy Srihari is an Indian-American computer scientist and educator who has made contributions to the field of pattern recognition. The principal impact of his work has been in handwritten address reading systems and in computer forensics. He is a SUNY Distinguished Professor in the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences at the University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA.
Utpal S. Tatu
Utpal Shashikant Tatu (born 12 May 1964) is an Indian molecular biologist, biochemist and a professor at the department of biochemistry of the Indian Institute of Science. He is known for his research on infectious disease such as malaria and other neglected tropical diseases of global relevance. Prof. Tatu is an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences. The Department of Biotechnology of the Government of India awarded him the National Bioscience Award for Career Development, one of the highest Indian science awards, for his contributions to biosciences in 2008. His is a proponent of the One Health approach. The 'One Health' approach advocates designing and implementing strategies, policies and carrying out scientific research which involves collaboration between multiple sectors that will lead to major public health outcomes.
H. V. Thulasiram
Hirekodathakallu Venkataramaiah Thulasiram is an Indian bioorganic chemist, chemical biologist and a principal scientist at the National Chemical Laboratory of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. he is known for his studies in the fields of biocatalysis and organic synthesis, specifically on isoprenoid biosynthesis. The Department of Biotechnology of the Government of India awarded him the National Bioscience Award for Career Development, one of the highest Indian science awards, for his contributions to biosciences, in 2015.
Sudhir Kumar Vempati
Sudhir Kumar Vempati is an Indian high energy physicist and a professor at the Centre for High Energy Physics of the Indian Institute of Science. He is known for his studies in neutrino physics, especially Large Hadron Collider Inverse problem and has published a number of articles, ResearchGate, an online repository of scientific articles has listed 76 of them. He is a member of the Indo-French Collaboration on High Energy Physics. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards, for his contributions to physical sciences in 2016.
C. V. Vishveshwara
C. V. Vishveshwara (6 March 1938 – 16 January 2017) was an Indian scientist and black hole physicist. Specializing in Einstein's General Relativity, he worked extensively on the theory of black holes and made major contributions to this field of research since its very beginning. He is popularly known as the 'black hole man of India'.
Mysore A. Viswamitra
Mysore Ananthamurthy Viswamitra (1932–2001) was an Indian molecular biophysicist and crystallographer, known for his pioneering work on the X-Ray structural studies of DNA fragments and nucleotide coenzyme molecules. His work is reported to have assisted in the development of the concept of sequence-dependent oligonucleotide conformation. He was an INSA senior scientist and an MSIL chair professor of physics at the Indian Institute of Science and a visiting professor at the University of Cambridge.
Moreshwar Ramachandra Walambe
Moreshwar Ramachandra Walimbe (June 1912 – 21 March 1992) was an educator and a grammarian of the Marathi language. He wrote style guides and textbooks on the grammar of Marathi.
H. B. Walikar
H. B. Walikar (born 18 March 1952) is the vice-chancellor of the Karnatak University in Dharwad.
Women scientists from Karnataka
Popular women scientists from Karnataka are Anuradha TK, Rohini Balakrishnan, Krishna Bharadwaj, Rajeshwari Chatterjee, Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, Nagin Cox, Rohini Godbole, Gita Gopinath, Nandini Harinath, Ramarao Indira, Devaki Jain, Sunitha Krishnan, Hilda Mary Lazarus, M. Sarada Menon, Sudha Murty, Nina Nayak, Anupama Niranjana, Kusala Rajendran, Kamini A. Rao, Lalith J. Rao, Priti Shankar, Prajval Shastri, Rashmi Shetty and Saraswathi Vishveshwara.
Anuradha T.K. is a retired Indian scientist and project director of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), specialized communication satellites. She has worked on the launches of the satellites GSAT-12 and GSAT-10. She is the senior most female scientist at ISRO, having joined the space agency in 1982, and also the first woman to become a satellite project director at ISRO.
Rohini Balakrishnan is a senior professor and ecologist at the Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. She is an expert in the field of animal communication and bioacoustics. Her research, published in renowned peer-reviewed international journals, has also received attention in Indian newspapers.
Rajeshwari Chatterjee (24 January 1922 – 3 September 2010) was an Indian scientist and an academic. She was the first woman engineer from Karnataka. During her tenure at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, Chatterjee was a professor and later chairperson of the department of Electrical Communication Engineering.
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay (3 April 1903 – 29 October 1988) was an Indian social reformer and freedom activist. She was most remembered for her contribution to the Indian independence movement; for being the driving force behind the renaissance of Indian handicrafts, handlooms, and theatre in independent India; and for upliftment of the socio-economic standard of Indian women by pioneering the co-operation.
Several cultural institutions in India today exist because of her vision, including the National School of Drama, Sangeet Natak Akademi, Central Cottage Industries Emporium, and the Crafts Council of India. She stressed the significant role which handicrafts and cooperative grassroot movements play in the social and economic upliftment of the Indian people. To this end she withstood great opposition both before and after independence from the power centres. In 1974, she was awarded the Sangeet Natak Academy Fellowship, the highest honour conferred by the Sangeet Natak Academy, India's National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama. She was conferred with Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan by Government of India in 1955 and 1987 respectively.
Zainab Nagin Cox (born 1965) is a spacecraft operations engineer at Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Asteroid 14061 was named "Nagincox" after her in 2015. She has received the NASA Exceptional Service Medal.
Rohini Godbole is an Indian physicist and academic. She is a professor at the Centre for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. She has worked extensively on different aspects of particle phenomenology over the past three decades, in particular on exploring different aspects of the Standard Model of Particle Physics (SM) and the physics beyond it (BSM). Her work regarding hadronic structure of high-energy photons outlined a variety of ways in which to study it and has had implications for the design of next generation electron positron colliders. She is an elected fellow of all the three academies of Science of India and also the Science Academy of the Developing World (TWAS).
Apart from her work in academics, Godbole is also a much sought-after communicator of science, often delivering talks to young students, scholars and scientists on everything physics. She is also an avid supporter of women pursuing careers in science and technology, and along with Ram Ramaswamy, edited the book Lilavati’s Daughters, a collection of biographical essays on women scientists from India.
Gita Gopinath (born 8 December 1971) is an Indian American economist who has been the Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund since 2019. In that role she is the Director of IMF's Research Department and the Economic Counsellor of the Fund.
She is on leave of public service from the economics department of Harvard University where she is the John Zwaanstra Professor of International Studies and Economics. She is also a co-director of the International Finance and Macroeconomics program at the National Bureau of Economic Research and has worked as the Economic Adviser to the Chief Minister of Kerala.
Gopinath was appointed as Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund in October 2018. In an interview with Trevor Noah on The Daily Show, she named the worldwide recession of 2020 as "The Great Lockdown."
Nandini Harinath is a rocket scientist at ISRO’s (Indian Space Research Organisation) Satellite Centre in Bengaluru.She is a part of the Mars Orbiter Mission , Maangalyaan . She has co-authored a ressexarch paper on mission planning, analysis and operations—Outline of key components.
Devaki Jain (born 1933) is an Indian economist and writer, who has worked mainly in the field of feminist economics. In 2006 she was awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award from Government of India, for her contribution to social justice and the empowerment of women.
Sunitha Krishnan (born 1972) is an Indian social activist and chief functionary and co-founder of Prajwala, a non-governmental organization that rescues, rehabilitates and reintegrates sex-trafficked victims into society.
Krishnan works in the areas of anti-human trafficking and social policy. Her organization, Prajwala shelters rescued women and children and set up one of the largest rehabilitation homes in the country. She is making it possible for NGOs organizations to manage jointly a range of protective and rehabilitative services for women and children who have been trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. She was awarded India's fourth highest civilian award the Padma Shri in 2016.
Hilda Mary Lazarus
Hilda Mary Lazarus CBE, MStJ, MRCS, FRCSE (23 January 1890 - died 1978) was a Christian missionary and popular gynecologist and obstetrician in India. She was Principal of Andhra Medical College and Superintendent of King George Hospital at Visakhapatnam. She was also the first Indian director of Christian Medical College and Hospital at Vellore.
M. Sarada Menon
Mambalikalathil Sarada Menon is an Indian psychiatrist, social worker and the founder of Schizophrenia Research Foundation (SCARF), a Chennai-based non-governmental organization working for the rehabilitation of people afflicted with Schizophrenia and other mental disorders. An Avvaiyyar Award recipient, she is a former Madras Medical Service officer and the first woman psychiatrist in India. The Government of India awarded her the third highest civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan, in 1992, for her contributions to society.
Sudha Murthy (née Kulkarni) is an Indian engineering teacher, Kannada, Marathi and English author as well as a Social worker. She is also the Chairperson of the Infosys Foundation.She is the wife of co-founder of Infosys, N. R. Narayana Murthy.
Sudha Murthy began her professional career in computer science and engineering. She is the chairperson of the Infosys Foundation and a member of the public health care initiatives of the Gates Foundation. She has founded several orphanages, participated in rural development efforts, supported the movement to provide all Karnataka government schools with computer and library facilities, and established 'Murty Classical Library of India' at Harvard University. Murthy initiated a bold move to introduce computer and library facilities in all schools in Karnataka & taught computer science. She got "Best Teacher Award" in 1995 from Rotary Club at Bengaluru (erstwhile Bangalore). Murthy is best known for her social work and her contribution to literature in Kannada and English. Dollar Bahu (English: Dollar Daughter-in-Law), a novel originally authored by her in Kannada and later translated into English as Dollar Bahu, was adapted as a televised dramatic series by Zee TV in 2001. Sudha Murthy has also acted in the Marathi film Pitruroon and the Kannada film Prarthana. She has also appeared in Kaun Banega Crorepati season 11 in its Karamveer episode of finale week.
Nina P. Nayak (born 24 November 1953) is a social worker and child rights activist from Dakshina Kannada. She has dedicated her life to the promotion and protection of child rights. She has more than 30 years of experience in the field of child development, child rights protection and as an administrator, practitioner and trainer. Her works have significantly contributed for the recognition of child rights, policy formulation for these rights and their implementation by the Government of India. She has been a driving force in the implementation of ‘Juvenile Justice Act’ and the ‘Protection of Children Against Sexual Offenses Act’.
She gave a presentation on the role of children in governance in a TEDx event in Bangalore on 6 April 2012. She has authored several articles and books. Nayak was a former Chairperson for Karnataka State Commission for Protection of Child Rights. Previously, she was also the vice-president of the Indian Council for Child Welfare and member of the sub-committee on children in the National Planning Commission of India. As head of the Karnataka State Council for Child Welfare has facilitated several adoptions in the state.
Anupama Niranjana (1934–1991) was a doctor in India and writer of modern Kannada fiction and non-fiction.
She advocated the woman's point of view and was one among such writers in Kannada, which includes others like Triveni and M. K. Indira. Her novel Runamuktalu has been made into a successful film by Puttanna Kanagal.
Born Venkatalakshmi, Anupama practiced as a physician in Dharwad and Bangalore. Anupama took to writing early in life and wrote several novels and stories dealing with social issues, particularly women's issue. She was married to the Kannada writer Niranjana, a leading novelist of the Progressive school of modern Kannada literature. Their daughters Tejaswini and Seemanthini are well known academicians. Anupama died of cancer. An award has been instituted in her name for women writing in Kannada.
Kusala Rajendran is an Indian seismologist and currently a professor at the Centre for Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, India. She prefers to call herself an earth scientist. She has primarily worked on earth quakes and their source mechanisms. She has worked extensively on earth quake patterns in India and is considered to be one of the pioneers in this field.
Kamini A. Rao
Dr. Kamini A. Rao is a pioneer in the field of Assisted Reproduction in India. She has specialized in reproductive endocrinology, ovarian physiology and assisted reproductive technology and has been awarded the Padma Sri, one of India's highest civilian awards. Dr. Kamini A. Rao is the medical director at Milann – Centre for Reproductive Medicine (A Unit of BACC Healthcare Pvt. Ltd.).
Lalith J. Rao
Lalith J. Rao (also spelt Lalit) (born 6 November 1942) is an Indian classical singer and a representative of the Agra gharana (singing style).
Priti Shankar (née Priti Monteiro; September 1947 – October 2011) was an Indian teacher, researcher, and educationist whose research focused on the areas of compiler design, formal language theory and algorithmic coding theory.
Prajval Shastri is an astrophysicist at the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore and specializes in the area of phenomenology of active galaxies driven by supermassive blackholes using multi-wavelength observations ranging from radio to X-ray wavelengths.
Rashmi Shetty is a Mangalore-born celebrity dermatologist, an aesthetic medicine expert and an author. She is a member of the international advisory board of the Anti-Ageing World Congress.
Saraswathi Vishveshwara is an Indian biophysicist with specialization in the area of Molecular Biophysics. She is a professor in the Molecular Biophysics Unit at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. She works on computational biology and her research is primarily focused on elucidating structure-function relationships in biological systems. Using computational-mathematical techniques to understand the functioning of macromolecules such as proteins is a key aspect of her research.